types of hairloss

Alopecia

Alopecia is the generalized term given to Hair Loss many types and conditions fall under this umbrella. 

Male Pattern Baldness

Male pattern baldness is the most common type of hair loss in men.

Male pattern baldness is related to your genes and hormones. This condition starts with a receding hairline and hair thinning on the crown.

Baldness occurs when the hair follicle shrinks over time resulting in shorter and finer hair with the follicle eventually ceasing to produce new hair. 

Trichotillomania

Trichotillomania also known as compulsive hair pulling disorder is a mental disorder that involves recurrent, irresistible urges to pull out hair from your scalp, eyebrows or other areas of your body.

Chemotherapy/Radiotherapy

The drugs used whilst receiving this treatment are extremely strong medications that rapidly attack growing cancer cells, Unfortunately they also attack other rapidly growing cells in your body including those in your hair follicle. The hair on your head may not be the only area affected by the treatment may cause hair loss all over your body not just on your scalp.

Genetic Thinning's

Genetic Hair Loss is one of the most common types of Hair Loss, This is a  natural condition caused by a  combination of Genetics, Hormone Levels and the Ageing Process. Almost all men and women will notice a reduction in hair  as they age however this can happen to anyone at any time in their lives.

Other Causes

  Menopause, Ageing, Major Stress, Thyroid Disease, Diabetes, Poor Diet and Eating Disorders can result in Hair Loss.

Types of Alopecia

Alopecia Areata

Alopecia Areata is an Auto Immune Disease that causes hair to fall out in patches. This condition develops when the immune system attacks the hair follicles resulting in Hair Loss. Sudden Hair Loss may occur on the scalp and other parts of the body. This condition rarely results in complete Hair Loss however it is extremely unpredictable as often more patches form as the old patches grow back. The extent of Hair Loss varies for each individual.

Alopecia Universalis

Alopecia Universalis is a type of Alopecia Areata and is unlike any other forms of Alopecia as it causes complete Hair Loss on your scalp and body.

Lichen Planopilaris

Lichen Planopilaris is a type of Scarring Alopecia that occurs when a skin disease known as Lichen Planus affects areas of skin where hair follicles are present. Lichen Planopilaris destroys the hair follicle leaving behind scarring. This is most common in middle aged women however it can affect anyone at any age.

Androgenetic Alopecia

Androgenetic Alopecia is the most common type of progressive hair loss.  This condition may present as overall hair thinning but in some cases, it can lead to complete baldness.

Androgenetic Alopecia is caused by a combination of genetic and hormonal factors. Dihydrotestosterone (DHT) is the main hormone responsible for androgenetic alopecia DHT causes scalp Hair Loss by inducing a change in the hair follicles on the scalp. The hairs produced by the affected follicles become progressively smaller in diameter until the follicle stops producing hair altogether this process is known as miniaturisation.

Telogen Effluvium

It is normal to shed approximately 150 hairs from our scalp daily as part of our hair cycle, Hair regrows automatically so that the total number of hairs on our head remains consistent. Telogen effluvium occurs when there is an increase in hairs shed daily. A larger number of hairs shift from the growing phase (anagen) to the shedding phase (telogen). Normally only 10% of the scalp hair is in the telogen phase, but in telogen effluvium this increases to 30% or more. This usually happens suddenly and can manifest after a very stressful event in your life.

Frontal Fibrosing

This condition is a form of Lichen Planopilaris that is characterized by slow progressive Hair Loss that causes scarring on the scalp near the forehead, The Eyebrows, Eyelashes and other parts of the body may also be affected.